University of Wisconsin–Madison

Titanium Dioxide Raspberry Solar Cell

Greg Smestad ( developed this experiment. See the Nanocrystalline Solar Cell Kit: Recreating Photosynthesis, Institute for Chemical Education, Madison, WI (1998). For additional background reading see, “Solar Energy Conversion by Dye-Sensitized Photovoltaic Cells,” Inorg. Chem., 44, 6841-6851 (2005) and “Characteristics of the Iodide/Triiodide Redox Mediator in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Acc. Chem. Research, 42,1819–1826 (2009). These directions were developed by George Lisensky.