University of Wisconsin–Madison

Video Lab Manual

Click on the links below to view step-by-step procedures with accompanying videos.

Videos listed in alphabetical order.

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Experiment Materials Graphene Synthesis via Chemical Vapor Deposition

Time: 30-45 min
# of Steps: 11
Chemicals:  isopropanol, acetic acid,  etc.
Equipment: quartz tubing, stopper, burner, alcohol, white vinegar, parafilm, ni foil, needle, rubber stopper, nitrogen tank, etc.
3D Print   3D Printing (Photolithography)
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 6
Chemicals: 6-Hexanediol diacrylate, Sudan I,
Phenylbis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide
Equipment: projector, magnifying glass, mirror, platform elevator
CdS6   CdS Quantum Dot Nanoparticles
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 7
Chemicals: CdO, Oleic Acid, Selenium, Trioctylphosphine, Octadecene
Equipment: cuvet, visible absorption spectrometer
Cd5  CdSe Quantum Dot Nanoparticle Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 7
Chemicals: 0.012 M CdCl2, 0.012 M Na2S.9H2O, Hexadecyltrimethylammonium Bromide, Heptane, Pentanol
Equipment: microcentrifuge, UV light source
QD14  CdSe Quantum Dot Nanoparticles Isolation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 10
Chemicals:  CdSe, Ethanol, Hexane
Equipment: stirrer hotplate, 1 mL syringe with needle, 25 mL heating mantle and controller, absorbance spectrometer, emission spectrometer
LC film  Cholesteryl Ester Liquid Crystal Thermometer Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 7
Chemicals: Cholesteryl Ester
Equipment: hand crank generator, peltier square heating and cooling block
Liquid Crystals  Cholesteryl Ester Liquid Crystals Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 5
Chemicals: Cholesteryl Oleyl Carbonate, Cholestery Pelargonate, Cholesteryl Benzoate
Equipment: heat gun or hair dryer
Prusion Blue Film   Electrochromic Prussian Blue Thin Films
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 6
Chemicals:  0.05 M HCl, 0.05 M K3[Fe(CN)6], 0.05 M FeCl3.6H2O, 1.0 M KCl
Equipment: conductive glass, ohmeter, Pt wire or graphite electrode, 1.5 volt battery, 50 K ohm variable resistor, electrochemical apparatus
X-ray diffractor  F-center Production
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 5
Chemicals:  KCl, NaCl, KBr
Equipment: powder X-ray diffractometer
Ferrofluids exp  Ferrofluid Synthesis: Buret
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 12
Chemicals: 2 M HCl, 2.0 M FeCl2(H2O)4, 1.0 M FeCl3(H2O)6, 1.0 M NH3, 25% tetramethylammonium hydroxide
Equipment: strong craft magnets, cow magnets, XRD spectrometer and glass slides
Ferrofluids exp  Ferrofluid Synthesis: Glass Rod
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 12
Chemicals: 2 M HCl, 2.0 M FeCl2(H2O)4, 1.0 M FeCl3(H2O)6, 1.0 M NH3, 25% tetramethylammonium hydroxide
Equipment: strong craft magnets, cow magnets, XRD spectrometer and glass slides
Fuel Cell  Fuel Cell (Nafion) Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 14
Chemicals: Nichrome Wire Mesh, Chloroplatinic Acid, Nafion Membrane, Sodium borohydride, 5-Minute Epoxy
Equipment: AA battery holders, wires with alligator clips, multimeter, plastic syringes, lighter
Gel  Gelatin Microfluidics
Time: Overnight
# of Steps: 9
Chemicals: Knox Gelatin, Food Coloring
Equipment: 22 gauge insulated wire, wire cutter
Gold  Gold Nanoparticle Synthesis
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 4
Chemicals: 1.0 mM Hydrogen Tetrachloroaurate, 1% Trisodium Citrate, NaCl Solution, Sports Drink
Equipment: Laser Pointer, Polarizing Filter
photonic   Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals Synthesis
Time: Overnight
# of Steps: 5
Chemicals: Polymethacrylate Spheres, 100% Ethanol, Tetraethylorthosilicate,  Hydrochloric Acid
Equipment: tube furnace
Elvis   Light Emitting Diodes and Periodic Properties: National  Instruments Elvis
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 8
Chemicals:
Equipment: LED’s, sesistors, CdS semiconductor photocell
LED   Light Emitting Diodes and Periodic Properties: Voltmeter
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 8
Chemicals:
Equipment: LED’s, resistors, CdS semiconductor photocell
LCD  Liquid Crystal Pixel Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 13
Chemicals: Polyvinyl Alcohol, 4’-Pentyl-4-Biphenyl-Carbonitrile
Equipment: LED’s, conductive glass, polarizing filters, 9V battery
Liquid Crystal Watch  Liquid Crystal Watch Disassembly
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 10
Chemicals:
Equipment: inexpensive LCD watch, 9-volt battery, polarizing filters
micelle series   Micelle Critical Concentration
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 5
Chemicals: 0.070 M sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2- naphthol
Equipment: cuvets, visible absorbance spectrometer
print image  Microcontact Printing with Thiols
Time: 3-6 Hours
# of Steps: 14
Chemicals: 0.8 M KOH, 0.1 M Silver Nitrate, 15 M Ammonia, Ag(NH3)2+, 0.5 M Glucose, Alkanethiol Solution
Equipment: PDMS base, curing agent, oven
Micro fluidic  Microfluidic Nanofilter
Time: 3-6 Hours
# of Steps: 18
Chemicals: 0.5 M Glucose, 0.8 M KOH, 0.1 M Silver Nitrate, NH4OH, Alkanethiol Solution, Epoxy, 6-Diaminohexane Epoxy Hardener Solution, Acid Chloride Epoxy Resin Solution
Equipment: plastic tube, syringe
Diagram  Microwave Synthesis of Zinc Hydroxy Sulfate Nanoplates and Zinc 2 Oxide Nanorods in the Classroom
Time: 1 h – 1h 30 mins
# of Steps: 4
Chemicals: zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods and zinc hydroxy 37 sulfate , 3Zn(OH)2·ZnSO4·0.5H2O, (ZHS) nanoplates
HMT, Zn(NO3)2, ZnSO4
Equipment: projector, magnifying glass, mirror, platform elevator,   optical microscope, tabletop scanning electron microscope (SEM), microwave
Fluoresce  Nanocrystalline Y2O3: Eu Phosphor
Time: Overnight
# of Steps: 10
Chemicals: Yttrium(III) Nitrate Hexahydrate, Europium(III) Nitrate Hexahydrate, Urea
Equipment: oven, UV light, powder diffractometer
Nickel  Nickel Nanowires Synthesis: Beaker
Time: 3-6 Hours
# of Steps: 12 Steps
Chemicals: GaIn Eutectic, Nickel Plating Solution, Ni Wire, Nitric Acid
Equipment: whatman anodisc alumina filters, strong magnet, AA battery holders, wires with alligator clips, copper sheet
Experiment  Nickel Nanowires Synthesis: Syringe
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 12
Chemicals: GaIn Eutectic, Nickel Plating Solution, Ni Wire, Nitric Acid
Equipment: whatman anodisc alumina filters, strong magnet, 1-1/8″ OD x 7/8″ ID x 1/8″ W o-ring, acrylic square, 30 mL plastic syringes, AA battery holders, wires with alligator clips
Water drops bead up on a monolayer surface  Octadecanethiol Monolayer on Silver
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 4
Chemicals: 0.8 M KOH, 0.1 M Silver Nitrate, 15 M Ammonia, Ag(NH3)2+, 0.5 M Glucose, Alkanethiol Solution
Equipment:
Lights   Organic Light Emitting Diodes
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 7
Chemicals: 0.30 g PVA, 0.035 g [Ru(bpy)3](BF4)2, GaIn Eutectic
Equipment: conductive glass, ohmeter, 2500 rpm fan, hair dryer, 4.5V power supply
PDMS Fluidics   PDMS Isopropanol Microfluidics
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 9
Chemicals: PDMS Base and Curing Agent, Isopropyl Alcohol, Red and Blue Food Coloring
Equipment: plexiglass rectangle, puffy paint
PDMS Lithography  PDMS Soft Lithography
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 6
Chemicals: PDMS Base, Curing Agent
Equipment: sonicator, optical transform slides, oven, laser pointer
PMMA Diffraction  PMMA Nanosphere Diffraction
Time: 2 Days
# of Steps: 8
Chemicals: PMMA Nanospheres, Isopropanol
Equipment: diamond tip pencil, oven, visible spectrometer
Photonic   PMMA Nanospheres Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 11
Chemicals: Methyl Methacrylate, 2-Azobis Dihydrochloride
Equipment: reusable teflon joint sleeves, nitrogen, septum, hoses, syringe needles, centrifuge
Silver  Silver Nanoparticles Synthesis
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 9
Chemicals: 0.001M AgNO3, 0.002M NaBH4, 0.3% PVP Solution, PVA Solid
Equipment: laser pointer, toaster oven or overnight drying
Superconductor  Superconductor Synthesis
Time: Overnight
# of Steps: 7
Chemicals: CuO, Y2O3, BaCO3
Equipment: 400°C muffle furnace, pellet die and press, tube furnace, small magnet, liquid nitrogen
Spray  Surface Conductive Glass Preparation
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 8
Chemicals: SnCl45H2O, Methanol
Equipment: oven, syringe
TiO2  Titanium Dioxide Raspberry Solar Cell
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 11
Chemicals: Nanocrystalline TiO2, Acetic Acid, Dishwashing Detergent, Ethanol, KI3
Equipment: projector, syringe, conductive glass, multimeter, frozen raspberries, candle
WO3  Tungsten Trioxide Intercalation
Time: 3-6 Hours
# of Steps: 5
Chemicals: Tungsten trioxide, granule 20 mesh Zn, HCl, Polyethylene Rod
Equipment: suction flask, drill and bit, 6-32 tap, thumbscrews, multimeter
Zeolite  Zeolite ZSM5 Preparation and Catalysis of Xylene  Isomerization
Time: 3-6 Hours
# of Steps: 17
Chemicals: Aluminum oxide, NaOH, LUDOX HS-30 Colloidal Silica, Tetrapropylammonium Bromide, Ammonium Sulfate, Barium Chloride, Acetone, Nitrogen, o-xylene
Equipment: pH paper, oven, suction filtration apparatus, alundum boat, tube furnace, catalytic reactor, NMR spectrometer
ZnO  ZnO Quantum Dot Nanospheres
Time: 1-2 Hours
# of Steps: 6
Chemicals: Zn(CH3CO2)2.H2O, (CH3)2CHOH, NaOH
Equipment: UV Spectrometer, cuvets